Francisco Varela Research – Autopoiesis

Francisco Varela Research – Autopoiesis The aim of the paper is to review critically the notion of autopoiesis as presented by Maturana and Varela. In particular, recognizing that there are difficulties in obtaining a complete and clear picture from the primary literature, an effort is made to present a coherent view – also based on […]

Francisco Varela Research – Some differences between Maturana and Varela’s theory of cognition

Francisco Varela Research – Some differences between Maturana and Varela’s theory of cognition The theory of cognition of Varela and Maturana differs in specific aspects from constructivist theories and so should not be seen or interpreted as another form of constructivism. To encourage the emergence of a discussion on important differences between both theories, this […]

Francisco Varela Research – Emergence and Embodiment

Francisco Varela Research Emergence and Embodiment Emerging in the 1940s, the first cybernetics—the study of communication and control systems—was mainstreamed under the names artificial intelligence and computer science and taken up by the social sciences, the humanities, and the creative arts. In Emergence and Embodiment, Bruce Clarke and Mark B. N. Hansen focus on cybernetic […]

Francisco Varela Research – From autopoiesis to neurophenomenology

 Francisco Varela Research From autopoiesis to neurophenomenology This paper reviews in detail Francisco Varela’s work on subjectivity and consciousness in the biological sciences. His original approach to this “hard problem” presents a subjectivity that is radically intertwined with its biological and physical roots. It must be understood within the framework of his theory of a concrete, […]

Francisco Varela Research – Beyond Autopoiesis

Francisco Varela Research Beyond Autopoiesis “Francisco Varela’s work is a monumental achievement in 20th century biological and biophilosophical thought. After his early collaboration in neo-cybernetics with Humberto Maturana (“autopoiesis”), Varela made fundamental contributions to immunology (“network theory”), Artificial Life (“cellular automata”), cognitive science (“enaction”), philosophy of mind (“neurophenomenology”), brain studies (“the brainweb”), and East-West dialogue […]